SEXUAL ETHICS POLICY FOR CLERGY
All human beings, male and female, are created in the image of God, and have been made of equal value in Christ. From the beginning God intended us to live out our equality in relation with one another. Jesus was sent into this world that we might experience whole relationships with each other and God. “There is no longer Jew or Greek, there is no longer slave or free, there is no longer male and female; for all of you are one in Christ Jesus.” (Galatians 3:28, NRSV)
Clergy, church employees, and local churches of the Annual Conference will receive a copy of this policy printed in the East Ohio Conference Journal. Mediation will be available from the bishop and the district superintendents. A workshop/continuing education event will be provided by the Board of Ministry. Please see APPENDICES.
A complaint about any clergy person in violation of this policy may be made to any district superintendent, or the bishop. A complaint against a clergy person, which involves a child under the age of 18 must also be reported to the nearest agency charged with child protection. All complaints will be dealt with promptly and in confidence according to ¶363 of the The Book of Discipline of The United Methodist Church 2008. Persons who report misconduct or file a complaint must not be subject to retaliation. Persons who have knowledge of alleged misconduct are expected to come forward. Persons who knowingly give false information or reports will be disciplined. All investigations of clergy will be conducted according to ¶2701-2706 of the The Book of Discipline of The United Methodist Church 2012.
APPENDICES TO SEXUAL ETHICS POLICY FOR CLERGY of the East Ohio Annual Conference of The United Methodist Church
Clergy Relationship - A clergy relationship exists between a clergy person and any other person (i) when the other person is a parishioner of a congregation to which that clergy person was previously or is currently appointed, (ii) when the other person is supervised by, is a colleague with or receives ministry from a clergy person serving in any function for which he or she was ordained, licensed, hired or approved by the Annual Conference or its representatives, (iii) when a clergy person uses the authority of the clergy office or role in establishing a relationship with the other person, and (iv) when the other person is a member of a community which recognizes the authority of the clergy person as a person in ministry (i.e. extension ministry appointments and honorable location, retirement, leaves of absence and other situations in which a clergy person serves a community other than a local congregation).
Clergy Sexual Misconduct - Clergy sexual misconduct must be understood primarily as an issue of the abuse of the power, trust, and status inherently present in any clergy relationship rather than an issue of the sexual morality of an individual clergy person. An inherent imbalance of power exists in any clergy relationship simply through the clergy role and totally separate from the clergy person’s character, personality and style of ministry. A similar imbalance of power can also exist when one clergy supervises another clergy. The same sacred trust inherent in ordination, consecration and licensing that makes effective ministry possible leaves persons in clergy relationships open and vulnerable. This predisposes those persons to believe that clergy will act only in ways that will contribute to their well-being. The only appropriate and acceptable clergy response to the trust and power given to clergy through their role is ministry to the emotional, spiritual and temporal needs of those who come to them for help.
Clergy Sexual Misconduct In Context of Single Clergy Romantic Relationship - A single clergy person engaging in a romantic relationship with a single person with whom he or she has a clergy relationship does not necessarily commit sexual misconduct. The clergy person must be aware of the inherent imbalance of power that he or she has in this type of clergy relationship and take full responsibility for the related potential for harm. A single clergy person entering into this type of relationship bears the burden of demonstrating that there has been no exploitation in the relationship, in light of all relevant factors, including the personal history and mental status of the other person and the likelihood of an adverse impact on the person or on others. A clergy person should refrain from entering into a romantic relationship with a person with whom he or she currently has a pastoral counseling relationship. Should a pastoral counseling need arise for a person with whom the clergy person is romantically involved, that clergy person would make recommendations of two or three choices for pastoral or other professional counselors. Neither shall a single clergy person enter into a romantic relationship with a person whom he or she has had a pastoral counseling relationship for at least two years after cessation or termination of the pastoral counseling (consistent with the American Psychological Association Code of Ethics of 2001). The clergy person who engages in such activity after the two years following cessation or termination of the pastoral counseling relationship bears the burden of demonstration that there has been no exploitation, in light of all relevant factors, including the amount of time that has passed since the pastoral counseling relationship terminated, the nature and duration of the pastoral counseling, the circumstances of termination, the personal history of the counselee and others and any statements or actions made by the clergy person during the course of the pastoral counseling suggesting or inviting the possibility of a post-termination romantic relationship with the counselee.
Pastoral Counseling - Pastoral counseling is the special dimension of ministry in which a clergy person utilizes a variety of counseling perspectives and techniques to help people handle their problems and crises and thus work toward healing. A pastoral counseling relationship begins at the point that the clergy person and the person or persons seeking pastoral counseling explicitly agree to enter into a relationship wherein is understood that the clergy person will apply special skills to assist the other person or persons in resolution of problems or crises.
Sexual Harassment - (further definition) Sexual harassment can consist of a single intense or severe act or of multiple persistent or pervasive acts. There are many possible scenarios in sexual harassment situations. Each situation must be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Types of unwanted conduct that constitute sexual harassment as listed by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission include (but are not limited to):
The above definitions are provided solely for the purpose of this SEXUAL ETHICS POLICY. The definitions do not create any chargeable offenses pursuant to The Book of Discipline of The United Methodist Church. This policy does not sanction any conduct, which may constitute a chargeable offense pursuant to The Book of Discipline of The United Methodist Church.
Our relationship with and knowledge of God guides and illuminates our reflections on human sexual behavior. We affirm that:
We sometimes make willful choices that violate our covenantal relationships, victimize others, and alienate us from God, others, and our best selves. The story of Jesus’ temptation to misuse power (see Luke 4:1-13) reminds us of our own temptation to covet or employ unjust power which harms the fragile covenant relationship within ministry, church and community. When sexual misconduct violates community among persons within the church, brokenness is our common plight, and none is spared its suffering—“If one member suffers, all suffer together with it.” (I Corinthians 12:26a, NRSV) God calls us to humility and repentance in order to gain “a new heart and a new spirit” (Ezekiel 18:30-32, NRSV; Matthew 18:1-5)
For the abused, God came in Christ to proclaim wholeness through loving acceptance by empowering the powerless as Christ helps them name the oppressors and claim the healing that comes through justice (see Luke 13:11-13;
John 9:1-7). For the abusers, many of whom were also abused, God provides forgiving and healing power. When they confess their woundedness, and their own abusive actions, accept consequences while taking responsibility for their abuse and, in repentance, pursue reconciliation (see Mark 2:17b; Luke 18:13). As Christ’s body, through God’s grace, the church is entrusted with the ministry of naming the woundedness and abuse, vindicating the oppressed and reconciling community (see Matthew 18:15-18; II Corinthians 5:18-20).
I. Incidents Involving Children under 18 Years Old
(For the purposes of this section, sexual misconduct includes all forms of sexual misconduct except sexual harassment and gender harassment.)
A. If any incident of sexual misconduct is known or suspected to have occurred involving clergy and a person under the age of 18, the nearest agency or authority charged with child protection must be contacted immediately and a report given. This report is mandatory as outlined by the Ohio Child Abuse Reporting Law Section 2151.031.
B. Do not confront or discuss the incident with the alleged perpetrator.
C. Contact the District Superintendent or other church authority to inform them of the report that you have made.
II. Clergy Sexual Misconduct Against Persons 18 Years Old or Older
(For purposes of this section, sexual misconduct includes all forms of sexual misconduct except sexual harassment and gender harassment.)
A. If a clergy commits an act of sexual misconduct against you:
- Contact the bishop or a district superintendent who will act according to his/her responsibility as outlined in ¶363 of the The Book of Discipline of The United Methodist Church 2012. In addition, the bishop or district superintendent may include third parties for mediation and consultation.
- It is advisable to keep a journal which documents all incidents in question, including conversation and contacts with the person, dates, times, witnesses and descriptions of the incidents.
- When the alleged conduct constitutes a criminal act, report it to the police.
B. If you are accused of sexual misconduct:
- Listen objectively when confronted with behaviors that have caused discomfort or harm to another, whether intended or not, and be open to ways that your behavior can change.
- It is advisable to keep a journal which documents all incidents in question, including conversations and contacts with the person, dates, times, witnesses and descriptions of all incidents.
C. If sexual misconduct is reported by complainant to you as clergy, deacon, Christian education director,
diaconal minister, Staff-Parish Relations Committee chairperson:
- Listen objectively and take it seriously with due consideration and sensitivity given to the safety and emotional needs of the complainant.
- Make certain the complainant is aware of the East Ohio Annual Conference’s Sexual Ethics Policy and his or her option to report the incident. Affirm with the complainant the decision to participate in reporting the incident(s) is in the hands of the complainant. The person hearing the report should resist making decisions for or attempting to influence the complainant.
- Alleged sexual misconduct is reported to the district superintendent. If the alleged perpetrator is the district superintendent, contact the bishop. If it is the bishop, contact the Council of Bishops.
III. Sexual Harassment and Gender Harassment
A. If you are sexually harassed or gender harassed by a clergy:
- It is advisable to keep a journal which documents all incidents of sexual or gender harassment including dates, times, witnesses and descriptions of the incidents. If you receive any written letters, cards, or memos of a suggestive nature from the harasser, it is advisable to keep them, noting the date received and how received (mailed to your home, left on your desk, etc.)
- If you choose, confront the alleged harasser before taking official action.
a. Tell the alleged harasser firmly and clearly what behavior is not acceptable to you. If you
choose, take another person with you for support. Be as specific as possible. This action, in many cases, will be sufficient (see attached Exhibit A); or
b. Contact the alleged harasser in writing. Clearly state what behavior(s) and action(s) are not acceptable to you, or
c. Contact another pastor or supervisor and ask them to talk with the alleged harasser. Clearly state what behavior(s) and action(s) are not acceptable to you.
- If you choose not to confront the alleged harasser, contact a district superintendent. See the list of District Offices.
B. If you are accused of sexual harassment:
- Listen objectively when confronted with behaviors that have caused discomfort or harm to another, whether intended or not, and be open to ways your behavior can change.
- It is advisable to keep a journal which documents all incidents in question, including conversations and contacts with the person who confronts your behavior, dates, times, witnesses and descriptions of the incidents.
- If there is no one-on-one resolution you may contact a district superintendent.
C. If acts of sexual harassment or gender harassment are reported by complainant to you as pastor, Deacon, Christian Education Director, Diaconal Minister, Staff-Parish Relations Committee Chairperson:
- Listen objectively and take it seriously with due consideration given to the safely and emotional needs of the complainant.
- Give complainant the East Ohio Annual Conference’s Sexual Ethics Policy and review with her or him the option to report the incident to the district superintendent.
- If you are a district superintendent or in a supervisory position (such as senior pastor) and you are aware that an employee or clergy person is being harassed by another employee, clergy person or even a non-employee, you are legally required by 29 Code of Federal Regulations ¶1604.11 d and e to take immediate and appropriate corrective action.
Limitations of claims for sexual misconduct apply only to the extent that the behavior in question was one listed in The Book of Discipline of The United Methodist Church in effect at the time the behavior took place. A person may be charged with an offense only if it was a chargeable offense in The Book of Discipline of The United Methodist Church in effect at the time the action was committed. The applicable limitation periods for sexual misconduct and sexual or gender harassment may be found in ¶s 363, 413.3, and 2702.4 of the The Book of Discipline of The United Methodist Church 2012.
Canal (330) 252-0299 Ohio Valley (740) 264-1601
Firelands (419) 668-6115 Southern Hills (740) 255-5691
Mahoning Valley (330) 270-3400 Three Rivers (740) 622-8880
Mid-Ohio (419) 522-3881 Tuscarawas (330) 492-7817
North Coast (216) 441-4527 Western Reserve (440) 352-2083
Contact: Rev. Susan Brown
The East Ohio Conference Office:
located in North Canton, OH,
near Akron-Canton Airport.
8800 Cleveland Ave. NW
North Canton, OH 44720
Local: (330) 499-3972
Toll Free: (800) 831-3972
Fax: (330) 499-3279
Monday through Friday
8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.
©2016 EAST OHIO CONFERENCE. All Rights Reserved.